web developer's skills

What Is a Web Developer?

Are you planning to hire a web developer to build your website? What is a web developer? What skills should a web developer have? This article provides an answer to those questions.

What Is a Website Developer? 

A web developer is someone, or better still, a programmer, that makes a website. While some website development projects require an individual’s skills, others require a team of developers. The web programmer is involved in planning, designing, and creating the website’s workflow before writing the code. Web developers write the code (a set of commands and instructions written in a particular programming language) that gets a website working. 

Types of Web Developers

Website development is a specialized career. Depending on what you do on a website, which part of the site you work on, and what technology you use, you can choose from a wide array of job titles. 

  • Frontend developer. A front-end engineer is someone that works on the user interface of a website. Programming languages used to build the front end of a website are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Aside from that, front-end developers can use frameworks like Bootstrap, React, or Vue to build a website’s front end. 
  • Backend developer. A backend or server-side developer is a programmer that builds that part of a website your can’t see. To build the backend, the programmer uses coding languages like PHP, Python, Java, Ruby, and MySQL. 
  • Full-stack developer. A full-stack programmer is someone with enough skills to build the front-end and back-end of a website. The programmer can use front-end languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript and back-end languages like PHP, Java, and Python. 

What Are Web Developer Skills?

The right skills will help a web developer successfully build a website. Note that the skills to look for when hiring a web developer depend on your project. If you want a front-end developer, you must look for a programmer with front-end development skills. The same applies to backend development. 

Some Web Developer Skills Are: 

Knowledge of HTML/CSS

A web developer must be able to build a website using markup languages like HTML and CSS. HTML is a standard website coding language used to create the structure of a site, while CSS is used to enhance the website’s appearance. Think of HTML as the structure of your house and CSS as the decorations. 


JavaScript is a high-level programming language a developer uses to implement complex features on a website’s front end. All web developers must know JavaScript to build a website successfully. Programmers can use it to build things like a search bar, interactive maps, animations, etc. 

skills of a web developer

Responsive Website Design

Another web developer skill is responsive website design. This skill is crucial because of SEO. When hiring a web developer, you must ensure that the programmer can build a responsive website on desktops, laptops, tablets, and mobile phones. Knowledge of CSS media query and flexbox is required to build responsive websites. 

Analytical Skills

A web developer should be able to solve a problem that arises during the web development process. This involves ensuring that the code is correct and that the website is functional. Also, a web developer should be able to bring your idea to life and ensure that all the features you want in your website are implemented. 

Testing and Debugging Skills

Another skill of a web developer is testing and debugging. Testing a website after development is necessary to identify areas of improvement in case of security issues and determine if the website is fully functional. Debugging skills will help a web developer identify and fix errors during the development process. 

Knowledge of Back-end Languages

Knowledge of backend programming languages is part of the skills of a web developer. Coding languages like PHP, Java, Python, and Ruby will help a developer build the server side of a site to make it functional. 

Knowledge of Web Development Frameworks

Website developers should be able to use web development frameworks like Bootstrap, React, Vue, Laravel, Django, etc. Frameworks make it easier to build websites.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are the 3 Roles of a Web Developer?

The web developer’s role is to design a website’s user interface. Using coding languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to build the front end of a site. Also, using back-end languages to build the server side of a website. 

What Are the Three Types of Web Developers? 

The three types of web developers are front-end, back-end, and full-stack programmers. Front-end developers are responsible for building the client side, while back-end developers build the server side. Full-stack developers are specialized in front and back-end development. 

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